Workshops

Classes in Portuguese

Introduction to statistical analysis - the GOLDVARB package

Danielle Kely Gomes (UFRJ)

Menu: presentation of the basic features of the GOLDVARB package; discussion of the methodology for the use of the program - codification, processing and analysis of linguistic data; interpretation of statistical data - the multivariate analysis.

References: 

GUY,  G.  R.;  ZILLES,  A.  M.  Sociolinguística  quantitativa:  instrumental  de  análise.  São  Paulo: Parábola, 2007.

MOLLICA,  M.  C.;  BRAGA,  M.  L.  (Org.).  Introdução  à  Sociolinguística:  o  tratamento  da  variação. São Paulo:  Contexto, 2004.

SANKOFF,  D.;  TAGLIAMONTE,  S.;  SMITH,  E.  GoldVarb  X  –  a  multivariate  analysis application.  2005.  Toronto:  Department  of  Linguistics;  Ottawa:  Department  of  Mathematics. Disponível  em:  http://individual.utoronto.ca/tagliamonte/  Goldvarb/GV_index.htm#ref.  Acesso  em: 05 fev. 2019.

Introduction to the use of R-brul for sociolinguistic analysis: data preparation and analysis

Anna Carolina da Costa Avelheda Bandeira (UFRJ); Silvia Carolina Gomes de Souza Guerreiro (UFRJ)

Menu: The workshop aims to present the features of Microsoft Office Excel® that can be used for preparation and preliminary analysis (organization of extracted data, cross-checks, empty cell checking, selection of examples, construction of graphs ) of the data extracted from the most diverse types of corpora sociolinguistics used in research in the area, offering greater agility in coding and reducing the percentage of possible errors. It is also proposed to present the interactive interface of the R-Brul package for use in the statistical-probabilistic program R, from the preparation of data for analysis in R-Brul (initial stages – installation, program preparation, with the reading of results and identification of information relevant to the analysis (quantitative data, percentage, p-value, logodds, relative weight), through data adjustment step and synchronization of the multivariate round with external file.

References: 

JOHNSON, D. E. Getting off the GoldVarb Standard: Introducing Rbrul for Mixed-Effects Variable Rule Analysis. Language and Linguistics Compass, v. 3(1), p. 359-383, 2009.

OUSHIRO, L. Identidade na Pluralidade: avaliação, produção e percepção linguística na cidade de São Paulo. Tese (Doutorado em Letras). Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas, 2015.

R Core Team. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria, 2019.

Cloze test: a resource for diagnosis and intervention in reading comprehension

Kátia Nazareth Abreu (UERJ); Daniela Cid (UFRJ)

Menu:  Reading comprehension has become, over the years, one of the concerns of Portuguese Language teachers in Brazil. There is a pedagogical activity that lasts for approximately 12 years in the years of Elementary and Secondary Education, but has not had the desired success in forming competent readers who respond to the demands of today's society. This workshop will present an off-line experimental methodology known as the Cloze Test (Taylor, 1953), widely used in Educational Psychology and Psycholinguistics in interface with education (Abreu et al, 2017). This technique can be of great assistance for research and educational practice by offering diagnostic and interventional potential on the phenomenon of reading comprehension.

References:

ABREU, Kátia Nazareth Moura de; CID DE GARCIA, Daniela; HORA, Katharine de Freitas P.N. da; SOUZA, Cristiane Ramos de. O teste de Cloze como instrumento de medida de proficiência em leitura: fatores linguísticos e não linguísticos. Revista de Estudos da Linguagem, Minas Gerais: UFMG, v. 25, p. 1767 – 1799, 2017.

TAYLOR, Wilson L. Cloze procedure: a new tool for measuring readability. Journalism Quarterly, Questia Trusted Online Research, v. 30, p. 415-433, 1953.

Quantitative Research: research design and introduction to statistical analysis of data

Denise Cristina Kluge  (UFRJ)

Menu: This short workshop aims to present and discuss some basic concepts in the elaboration of quantitative research, as well as to discuss the analysis of data through descriptive and inferential statistics. During the workshop, the following points will be addressed: (a) research design; (b) research questions and hypotheses; (c) types of variables; (d) data organization; (e) distribution and normality of data; (f) insertion of data into programs such as SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences); (g) graphical representation of the data; (h) presentation and reporting of statistical data in scientific writing; (i) interpretation of statistical data, (j) descriptive statistics (descriptive measures); (k) inferential statistics (test types); and (l) parametric tests x non-parametric tests.

References:

MARTINS, C.  Manual  de  Análise  de  Dados  Quantitativos  com  Recurso  ao  IBM SPSS: Saber decidir, fazer, interpretar e redigir. Braga: Psiquilibrios, 2011.

BROWN, J. D. Understanding research in second language learning: A teacher’s guide to statistics and research design. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

SPSS. Pacote estatístico [Computer program].

DANCEY, C. P. & REIDY, J. Estatística sem matemática para Psicologia. Editora Penso, 2013.

BROWN, J. D. Using surveys in language programs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

HATCH, E. & LAZARATON, A. The research manual: Design and statistics for applied linguistics. New York: Newbury House, 1999.

LARSON-HALL, J. A guide to doing statistics in second language research using SPSS. New York: Routlege, 2010.

Ethics and Sociolinguistics

November 26

Plataforma Brasil: The Register of The Research on Human Beings

Maria Izabel de Freitas Filhote (Coordinator of the Research Ethics Committee on Human Beings IESC/UFRJ)

Menu: Concepts; goals; submission; mandatory documents; criteria for the elaboration of the free and informed consent term by the Research Ethics Committee and by the researcher; project evaluation criteria; legislation relevant to completing the PB and reporting.

 

Objectives: (i) to present the Brasil Platform; (ii) guide the completion of the Brazil Platform via the Internet; (iii) to monitor the completion of the Brazil Platform.

 

References:

BRASIL. Conselho Nacional de Saúde. http://plataformabrasil.saude.gov.br. acesso em 11 de fevereiro de 2019.

BRASIL. Resolução 466/12. Publicada no DOU nº 12 – quinta-feira, 13 de junho de 2013 – Seção 1 – Página 59. Dispõe sobre  diretrizes e normas regulamentadoras de pesquisas envolvendo seres humanos: Disponível em http://plataformabrasil.saude.gov.br.  Acesso em: 11 fevereiro de 2019.

BRASIL. Resolução 510/2016. Publicada no DOU nº 98, terça-feira, 24 de maio de 2016 - seção 1, páginas 44, 45, 46.  Dispõe sobre as normas aplicáveis a pesquisas em Ciências Humanas e Sociais cujos procedimentos metodológicos envolvam a utilização de dados diretamente obtidos com os participantes ou de informações identificáveis ou que possam acarretar riscos maiores do que os existentes na vida cotidiana. Disponível em http://plataformabrasil.saude.gov.br. Acessado em 11 de fevereiro de 2019.

November 27

Methodological decisions and ethical care in sociolinguistic research

Raquel Meister Ko. Freitag (UFS)

MenuDescription: Since language is a human capacity, and sociolinguistics is the field of study of the relations between language and society, involvement with people is an inherent feature of their research. The adequacy of research projects to the institutional and fomentation conditions has required the evaluation of the CEP / CONEP, whose norms emanate from research fields of the health area. The field of human and social sciences assumes the understanding that there is a difference between research in human beings and research with human beings, the latter being the nature of sociolinguistic research. Because of this understanding, there are currents of researchers and areas that submit to norms and others that are insubordinate; as is the case, reflection on ethically sensitive issues should be present in the design and conduct of a research project.

 

Central objective: The central objective of this workshop is to discuss methodological references about ethically sensitive points in sociolinguistic research: (i) the process of enlightenment and free consent and the effects on the observer's paradox; (ii) the use of the covert research strategy; (iii) authoring of the database and responsibility of the researcher and the institution; (iv) conditions of anonymity of the participants: (v) criteria for inclusion and exclusion of participants; and (vi) types of data for sociolinguistic research that can be obtained with exemption from CEP / CONEP appreciation according to Resolution 510/2016.

References:

BRASIL. Ministério da Saúde. Resolução 510/2016. Brasília, 2016.

FREITAG, Raquel Meister Ko. A dadidade (ou dadidão) do dado. Linguística Rio, v.3, n.1, 1-14, 2017.

FREITAG, Raquel Meister Ko. Documentação sociolinguística–coleta de dados e ética em pesquisa. São Cristóvão: EdUFS, 2017.

GUERRIERO, Iara Coelho Zito; MINAYO, Maria Cecília de Souza. O desafio de revisar aspectos éticos das pesquisas em ciências sociais e humanas: a necessidade de diretrizes específicas. Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva, v. 23, p. 763-782, 2013.

ZALUAR, Alba. Ética na pesquisa social: novos impasses burocráticos e paroquiais. Revista Brasileira de Sociologia, v. 3, n. 5, p. 133-158, 2015.

Statistical models and methods for the analysis of linguistic variation

Marcelo Alexandre Silva Lopes de Melo (UFRJ); Christina Abreu Gomes (UFRJ) 

Menu: This workshop aims to address statistical models and methods in the analysis of linguistic variation data. The study of variation and change requires the treatment of a considerable amount of data, and the development of technological resources, over the course of more than 50 years of sociolinguistic research, has recently led to the use of statistical software of general use, the objective of overcoming the limitations of Goldvarb (originally Varbrul), which for a long time subsidized linguistic analyzes. Focusing on logistic regression analysis, issues such as fixed effects and mixed effects in the analysis of variation using the R Package and Language Variation Suite will be approached in a practical way.

Pragmatics: Perception and Teaching

Manuella Carnaval (UFRJ); Dennis Castanheira (UFRJ)

Ementa: Inserted in a multimodal pragmatic reality, the Portuguese language teaching nowadays presents didactic challenges that are related to stimuli of diverse natures. Thus, an experimental methodology that contemplates this educational framework, from the work with the acoustic and visual perception, can be used as an important pedagogical resource. In this workshop, we try to address pragmatic aspects of Portuguese language teaching based on an experimental methodology. The following practices are then proposed to the students of this workshop: (i) the establishment of a pragmatic theme; (ii) the elaboration of questions, hypotheses about the application of this theme in the classroom; (iii) the assembly of an experiment in acoustic and visual modality, to be applied in the classroom, as a methodological teaching tool; (iv) the possible analyzes of the results of the didactic experiment; (v) a proposal of re-elaboration of the didactic practice from the results.

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